Root Canal

Root canal treatments are made when the nerve inside the tooth (pulp) is inflamed or dead. The pulp is a tissue made up of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. If there is a significant amount of tooth decay, a large restoration such as a crown or filling, or trauma to the tooth, the pulp of the tooth can become inflamed or even die. An inflamed pulp can cause a toothache or remain painless. When the pulp dies the canal (the area the pulp lived in) can quickly become infected with bacteria. This infection can cause pain and swelling forming an abscess. Root Canal Treatment is performed to remove inflamed tissue and/or bacteria in the canal allowing surrounding tissues to heal. After the root canal system is cleaned, the space where the pulp was is filled with a root filling in order to prevent another infection. A rubbery natural substance called gutta percha is used as the root filling material.  The treatment is time consuming because of its complexity but can readily be done using modern local anesthetic techniques with little or no discomfort.